Introduction of Kota Goat:- Kota Goats are also knows as “Karoli” and these goat breeds are distributed throughout the States of Rajasthan and Gujarat. Kota goats are being raised or reared for milk, meat and skin production. However, mostly this breed is considered as dairy goat. Kota goat is similar to Beetal goat. Kota goats are famous their horns. Goat farmers who are considering for dairy business can go for this breed. Kota goat skin is popular with the tanning industry.
Purpose of Kota Goat Farming:- Milk, meat and skin.
Kota Goat Description:- Basically, Kota goats are large size animal with long legs. Coat color of Kota goat is predominantly black with white spots on ears and muzzle. However, a few white, brown and spotted goats are also found. The body of Kota goat is covered densely with hair which is short and coarse. Usually, the hair on these animals grows @ 2 cm annually. Kota goats have long flat drooping ears which are around 24-25 cm long. Both male and females have horns curved upward and backward.
Kota Goat Breed Characteristics and Performance:- The following chart shows the Kota goats characteristics and performance.
On average, the birth weight of Kota goat is about 1.5 to 2.0 kg. The first kidding age of Kota goat is 18-20 months. Kota goats give birth to 1 kid and twinning is about 40 %.
- Milk: Average yield varies around 1.5 to 2.0 kg and the lactation period is about 110-120 days.
- Hair: Annual yield touches about 500-600 grams when shorn twice a year.
|Size (Average)||Adult Kota Male||Adult Kota Female|
|Body weight (kg)||50-55||40-45|
|Body length (cm)||84||77|
|Chest girth (cm)||86||79|
Advantages of Kota Goat:- The following are the advantages of Kota goat breed.
- Kota goats are well suited for stall feeding.
- This goat breed has high feed conversion (FCR) ratio.
- The matured Kota goats can reach the weight of 50 to 55 kg.
- This goat breed can also be fed with jack leaves and coconut oil cakes to help in gaining the weight.
- This breed will mature for first kidding at 18 months of age.
- These female goats give milk up to 2 kg/ day.
- The lactation period of this goat is 110-120 days.
- Kota goat breed has an excellent milk production skill.
- This Kota goat breed gives 1 kid at a time and twinning is common in 40 % of goat population..
- For best growth milk production of Kota goats, Alfalfa hay, CO-3, CO-4, corn silage, pellets, legumes and various types of green grasses can be used for daily fodder requirement.
- These goats are suitable for both open grazing and stall-fed.
- These goat breeds are helpful in reducing unemployment in rural areas.
- These goats provide an excellent milk source for poor.
Kota Goat Farming Tips:- The following tips are for Kota goat farmers who wants to go for a small scale or large scale commercial goat farming business.
- Should prepare a proper goat farming business plan before implementing Kota goat farming business.
- Before starting the farm, watch you tube videos and read any articles related to Kota breed farming on the web.
- When you are planning for commercial Kota goat farming, visit nearest farms to know ins and outs of Kota goat characteristics and their management.
- Buy Kota goats only from certified animal breeders and avoid buying from unknown individuals as this may bring many unhealthy animals into your farm.
- All Kota goats should be given proper initial vaccinations before entering into your farm.
- It is advised to have a veterinary doctor to examine the Kota goats on regular basis.
- Pregnant goats, newly born Kota kids should be provided with minerals and nutritious feed.
- Select quality Kota male goats and good reproductive Kota female goats for breeding.
- Pregnant Kota goats should be given special attention for healthy kidding.
- Timely vaccinations in Kota goats will reduce the mortality rate and result in great weight gain and milk production.
- Provide clean water and feed on time for proper development of goat body growth.
- Milking machinery and equipment should be kept clean to avoid any contamination.
- Isolate the sick Kota goats from the goat flock as soon as possible.
- Making home grown silage will reduce the cost of feed in Kota goat farming.
- Should act quickly with any unexpected diseases in Kota goats.
- Kota Goat kids should be given a special care to ensure sufficient food and milk till they attain certain age and weight.
- Milking the female Kota goats twice a day is advisable especially before providing the fodder/feed.
- One should ensure better feeding and pasturing practices in Kota goat farming.
- Have a proper plan of marketing Kota goats. This plan should be prepared well before starting of Kota goat farming.
Breeding in Kota Goats:- If you are planning for commercial breeding of Kota goats, it is better to consider various factors when planning the breeding cycle.
- Fodder/Feed flow and feed availability.
- Natural estrus cycle of the Kota goats.
- Market cycle.
- Marketing date and personal management factors.
The reproduction rate of Kota goats is one of the most beneficial characteristics for the meat producer or milk producer. Kota goats are very profile breeders. Twinning is possible 40% of cases. There are various factors which affect the reproduction percentage of the ewes which are listed below.
- Season of breeding.
- Age of animal.
- Body mass.
- Feed and nutrition.
Mass Mating in Kota Goat Farming:- Find the mating ration of male and female with local animal husbandry. (In most of the goat cases, it is 1 male (buck) per 25 to 30 does). One should make sure that the mating the young ewes happen separately from the mature ewes.
Single Mating in Kota Goat Farming:- Find the mating ration of male and female with local animal husbandry (In most of the breeds, it is 1 male (buck) per 20 to 25 females (does). With regard to the above, it is very important to keep male goats in small shady camps during hot periods with a small amount of growing supplement and Male Kota goats should only be let loose among ewes during the evening. This system works particularly well in cases where goats are penned at night.
Artificial insemination in Kota Goat Farming:- Well, there is an option for artificial insemination in any goat breeding. For artificial insemination in Kota goats, contact local animal husbandry for more information.
Kota Goat Housing:- Proper goat housing is very important and should be secured when you are going for stall fed Kota goats farming. Wooden flooring is considered best for their house. The place selected for farming of Kota goats should be dry and free from any insect-pests and predators. The shed/house floor should be cleaned daily to make the goat house hygiene. Proper ventilation and airflow should be maintained for preventing any diseases. Supply of clean water to prevent from diseases is essential in Kota goat farming.
Kota Goat Price:- Goat price depends on many factors like breed, age, season and region. However, commercial breeders can bargain for best price. The Kota goats which are cross bred with local goats may cost less whereas pure bred goats cost more. If the goats are bought in flocks at local markets or in professional breeding centers, one can get cheaper prices. It is advised to buy from certified breeders. The following prices may change according to area, and time.
- Female goat price in India : Rs.250-275/kg (live weight) (pure breed).
- Male goat price in India/kg : Rs.290-300/kg (live weight) (pure breed).
- Goat kids of 1 year or less age: Rs.300-320/Kg (live weight) (pure breed).
Marketing of Kota Goats:- A proper goat business plan should ensure the profits in goat farming. Commercial goat farmers should have marketing plan for bulk goat sale. Goat farmers can also sell their goats in batches based on their age, weight. Local agents, meat shop owners can be contacted for regular supply of Kota goats.